Misalignment of the Eyes

Condition characterized by a misalignment of the eyes, where one eye may look in a different direction compared to the other. It often begins in childhood but can also occur in adults. This condition can affect visual quality and disrupt visual perception. In this blog post, we will share detailed information about , its types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

What is Strabismus?

Condition in which the eyes do not align properly. While one eye focuses on a target, the other may point in a different direction. This can result in conflicting images being sent to the brain and may cause double vision (diplopia).

Types of Strabismus

  • Esotropia: Eyes turn inward.
  • Exotropia: Eyes turn outward.
  • Hypotropia: One eye is lower than the other.
  • Hypertropia: One eye is higher than the other.

Causes of Strabismus

The exact cause of not fully understood, but it may result from abnormalities in eye muscle control or eye coordination. Additionally, genetic factors, eye conditions, birth trauma, neurological issues, and certain systemic diseases can contribute.


Symptoms of  include misalignment, double vision (diplopia), eyes pointing in different directions, headaches, eye strain, and difficulty reading.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Strabismus

Typically diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination and evaluation of eye movements. Treatment options may include glasses, eye patching, eye drops, vision therapy, or eye surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment can often correct strabismus and prevent vision problems.

Condition characterized by misalignment of the eyes. Early diagnosis and treatment can often correct vision problems associated with strabismus. It is important for parents and adults to have regular eye examinations to detect early signs of strabismus.