Interventional radiology is a medical subspecialty that utilizes medical imaging techniques to provide diagnosis and treatment through minimally invasive methods. In this discipline, procedures are performed by radiologists under the guidance of imaging equipment. In this article, we will explore what interventional radiology is, how it works, and its significance in healthcare.

Fundamental Principles of Interventional Radiology

Interventional radiology utilizes medical imaging techniques such as X-rays, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT). These imaging methods allow physicians to access target areas within the body with precision. Subsequently, various procedures are performed for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes in these areas.


Interventional radiology is used for a wide range of medical fields and conditions. For example, in cancer treatment, tumors can be shrunk and eradicated using methods such as radiofrequency ablation or injection of radioactive substances. Additionally, it can be utilized for the treatment of vascular problems such as opening of arterial blockages, angioplasty, and stent placement.

Advantages of Interventional Radiology

Interventional radiology offers several advantages compared to traditional surgery. These techniques are less invasive, less painful, and can shorten the recovery time for patients. Additionally, there is a reduced risk of bleeding during the surgical procedure, and the risk of post-operative complications is lower.

Interventional radiology is an increasingly important field in medicine. By providing diagnosis and treatment through minimally invasive procedures, it can enhance the quality of life for patients and manage various medical conditions without the need for surgical intervention. Therefore, specialists in this discipline have become an indispensable part of modern medicine.