Glaucoma: What You Need to Know for Your Eye Health

Common eye condition that results in vision loss due to damage to the optic nerve. Often associated with an increase in intraocular pressure, which occurs as a result of fluid buildup inside the eye. It typically does not present symptoms in its early stages and can progress unnoticed, making regular eye examinations important. In this blog post, we will share comprehensive information about what glaucoma is, its types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

What is Glaucoma?

Refers to a group of eye diseases that cause vision loss due to damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is a bundle of nerve fibers that transmit images from the eye to the brain. Typically develops slowly and can cause vision loss before symptoms appear.

Types of Glaucoma

  • Open-Angle Glaucoma: This is the most common type and is characterized by impaired drainage of the eye’s fluid, resulting in increased intraocular pressure.
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma: This occurs when the rapid buildup of fluid impedes drainage, leading to a sudden increase in intraocular pressure.

Causes of Glaucoma

While the exact cause of  unknown, several factors have been identified that can contribute to increased intraocular pressure. These factors include disturbances in the drainage of intraocular fluid, aging, genetic predisposition, elevated intraocular pressure, low blood pressure, and certain medications.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

Typically does not present symptoms in its early stages. However, in advanced cases, symptoms such as narrowing of the visual field, blurred vision, fading colors, and eye pain may occur.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Glaucoma

Typically diagnosed through measurements of intraocular pressure and eye screenings. Early diagnosis is important because if glaucoma continues to progress, it can cause permanent vision loss. Treatment may include eye drops, medications, laser surgery, or surgical intervention.

Prevention of Glaucoma

While it is not possible to prevent glaucoma entirely, regular eye examinations and reducing risk factors are important. These factors include adopting a healthy lifestyle, controlling risk factors such as low intraocular pressure and low blood pressure.

Serious eye condition that can cause permanent vision loss if not detected and treated early. Regular eye examinations and awareness are important for the early detection and effective treatment of glaucoma. Remember to have regular eye examinations to protect your vision health.